Monthly Archives: February 2014

MIGRANT WORKER ADVOCATES REQUEST IACHR HEARING INTO THE VIOLATION OF TFW LABOUR RIGHTS

February, 2014 – Migrant workers rights organizations have presented a request for a Thematic Hearing at the 150 regular session of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR). The hearing is being called to highlight the responsibility of states of origin in the violation of temporary workers’ labour rights, specifically during the process of selection, recruitment, hiring, monitoring and return, when traveling to the U.S. or Canada on temporary work visas.

Through the hearing, migrant worker advocates aim to highlight the responsibilities of states of origin in Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador during these processes.

The United States, alone, has provided more than 50,000 visas (H-2A) per year for temporary work, most occupied by Mexican people. This demand for temporary foreign labour has created a loophole exploited by false recruiters, who claim to provide jobs in the U.S. and Canada by offering so-called visas to cross the border "legally". But, in reality, these promises are often just money scams that result in workers and their families losing everything, and sometimes putting their personal safety in jeopardy by indebting themselves to loan sharks.

Making matters worse, workers also experience rights violations while in host countries.

More than 90 percent of Mexican nationals who have gone to the U.S. with an H-2A visa have reported labour violations, while 30 percent of these workers don’t know who recruited them, or even who they work for.

In Guatemala, 2,568 H-2B visas were issued in 2012. However, the country’s biggest problem has been the confiscation of land titles by recruiters.

In El Salvador, 825 people have participated in the Temporary Workers Program, mostly in Canada. Despite its small number, El Salvador doesn’t track its citizens when they’re working abroad, thus failing in its obligation to protect them.

Also under Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program between Canada and Mexico, migrant workers have been denied their right to association with the complicity of the Mexican government, whose interference was documented before labour tribunals in Canada.

The application for the IACHR hearing, filed under "vulnerability situation of labour rights of temporary migrants generated from their countries of origin", is the result of coordinated efforts of United Food and Commercial Workers Canada (UFCW Canada) Agriculture Workers Alliance (AWA), Global Workers Justice Alliance (Global Workers), Instituto de Estudios y Divulgación sobre Migración A.C. (INEDIM), Instituto de Estudios de la Mujer Norma Virginia Guirola de Herrera (CEMUJER), Proyecto Binacional Jornaleros Safe, Respuesta Alternativa, A.C., Red Regional de Organizaciones Civiles para las Migraciones (RROCM) capítulo El Salvador conformadas por la Asociación Salvadoreña de Educación Financiera (ASEFIN), Grupo de Monitoreo Independiente de El Salvador (GMIES), Iglesia Anglicana Episcopal, Instituto Salvadoreño del Migrante (INSAMI), la Red Internacional Scalabrini para las Migraciones (SIMN) and Soleterre.

The Commission has the power to publicize and promote the observance and defense of human rights, including those of persons in the context of human mobility. These rights are enshrined in the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man and the American Convention on Human Rights. If accepted, this hearing could lead to specific recommendations to prevent and stop current violations of temporary migrant workers’ rights.

Advertisements

Remembering the Hamstead tragedy

Toronto – February 5, 2014 – This week marks the second anniversary of one of the deadliest highway collisions in Ontario history. On February 6, 2012, a 13-passenger van collided with a flatbed truck on a county road near Hampstead, Ontario. A trail of carnage was left near the accident site, as a single family home, painted sky blue, stood virtually untouched while the accident victims lay just a few metres away from the front door. Ten migrant workers perished that day, while three others barely survived to tell their story.

As a community all too accustomed to responding to workplace death, we mobilized at a national level. Through the inception of the Migrant Workers Family Support Fund, created by UFCW Canada and Agricultural Workers Alliance (AWA), approximately $225,000 was raised through the generosity of organizations, labour allies and individuals across Canada. In total, 14 individuals or family members of those who perished, received 100% of the funds collected, including the family of the flatbed truck driver who also perished in this accident.

Juan Jose Ariza and Javier Aldo Medina were two of the survivors of the tragedy. They recuperated in a nursing home in London, Ontario following the accident, and with the help of advocacy groups and UFCW Canada, began a campaign entitled “Right 2 Stay”. Their hope was that they would be granted the right to remain in Canada on a permanent basis and bring their families at some point in the future. Both men’s situations took them back to Peru by 2013. With no precedent-setting cases before theirs, affording them some semblance of a future in Canada, despite their permanent disabilities they eventually returned to their home cities in Peru to secure and care for the reason they first migrated to Canada – their families.

All the while, in February 2013, the Ontario government – pointing to “driver’s error” – denied UFCW’s call for a Coroner’s Inquest into the crash. So agricultural workers continue to be subject to unreasonable and life-threatening risks on the road, without even taking into consideration the health and safety risks on the job. “The Ontario government has a responsibility to act proactively in light of the Hampstead tragedy. Finger pointing and laying the blame on a driver of a 13-passenger van, who was a migrant worker himself, subjected to all of the fatigue that comes with training five new employees on their first day of work, is absurd," says Paul Meinema, National President of UFCW Canada. "We need to prevent such tragedies from happening in the first place. One loss of life is too many, especially when we have the means to investigate and introduce regulations regarding the safe transportation of agriculture workers”.

Brother Meinema’s comments are reminiscent of the facts surrounding the 2007 collision involving 16 farm workers and a driver near Abbotsford, B.C, which resulted in the deaths of three workers and injuries to 14 others. The BC government responded to the Coroner’s Inquest in 2009, specifically to the following recommendations:

Recommendation #17 (Specifically directed to the Minister of Labour)

That the Minister seek changes to the legislation so that business operators contracting the services of seasonal agricultural workers (such as owners of farms, nurseries and greenhouses) be given the responsibility to recognize such workers as employees and:

a. Ensure that each new worker that reports for work at their place of business is educated and informed of their rights and responsibilities under the Workers Compensation Act and the Regulation;

b. Ensure that the business owners have a system in place to ensure that the labour contractors they are using are providing worker transportation in accordance with the applicable laws; and

c. Ensure that the employees are supplied with written documentation outlining their rights.

In the wake of the Hampstead tragedy, family members continue to pick up the pieces of a family life that was all but shattered by the death and injury of their loved ones. While some are attempting to forge ahead in Peru – where most of the migrant workers came from – for others life remains a struggle to continue living day by day.

“We need to do more as a Canadian society, and we need to hold the Ontario government to account," says Brother Meinema. "The BC Coroner’s inquest into the 2007 Abbotsford crash led to improved safety for migrant workers in British Columbia. Yet, shamefully and arbitrarily, Ontario dismissed such an inquest out of hand for Hampstead."

“In 2014, let us be stronger in our advocacy for temporary foreign workers in Canada. Let us be stronger for all agriculture workers who are denied basic health and safety regulations in the hard work they do to provide for our families and the Canadian economy.”